Most iPhone users have trouble-free use of their device whether it’s on a cellular connection or wi-fi, but wireless connectivity issues do occur from time to time. These type of problems can manifest in a variety of ways; sometimes the Wi-Fi on and off toggle switch is grey and unusable (sometimes resolved by simply quitting the Settings app and relaunching), sometimes the iPhone will appear to connect to a wi-fi router but no data will transfer, connection speeds are unusually slow, and other times the iPhone will simply refuse to connect to a wireless network at all.

Fix iPhone Wi-Fi problems

There isn’t a single unifying cause for these issues, and wi-fi connection problems can occur completely randomly, regardless of an iPhone model or iOS software version. We get a lot of questions about connectivity problems, and for most cases it’s an easy fix that is resolved quickly with a reboot or dumping network settings, but more stubborn cases may require a full software restore, while in extreme and rare occasions, contacting Apple’s official support channels is necessary due to actual hardware problems. If you run into wi-fi problems with your iPhone (or iPad and iPod touch for that matter), try out the following troubleshooting tricks to resolve the problem.

1: Forcibly Reboot the iPhone

You can force any iOS device to restart by doing the following, this can sometimes resolve temporary issues and bugs that are encountered. It’s easy and quick so try this first:

  • Hold down the Power button and the Home button simultaneously until the iPhone restarts

Once the iPhone boots back up again, attempt to use wi-fi again. In some cases this fixes the issue immediately.

2: Reset Network Settings

Resetting Network Settings dumps all existing network preferences, this causes things like wi-fi passwords, custom DNS, manual IP’s, and any other network specific settings information to be lost, so be sure to write down any important wi-fi details before doing this. This resolves the vast majority of wi-fi problems for most users:

  • Open “Settings” and go to “General”, then go to “Reset”
  • Choose “Reset Network Settings” and enter the device passcode, then confirm the settings reset

Reset Network Settings can resolve wi-fi problems

When the network settings have finished resetting, try connecting to the Wi-Fi network again. Things should be hunky-dory at this point, but if not there remains a few other choices.

3: Backup & Restore

Backing up and restoring an iPhone can be annoying but it will often resolve the most stubborn issues when resetting network settings and force rebooting the phone has failed. iCloud makes it fairly easy, though if you can’t connect to a wi-fi network that won’t be possible, and you’ll need to back up to iTunes instead. The following guides walk through this if you’re unfamiliar:

  1. Back up the iPhone using either iTunes or iCloud, preferably both to have dual backups available
  2. Restore from the backup and connect to wi-fi again

This is not an overly complicated process, but it will take a little bit of time depending on how much data is stored on the iPhone, and depending on which method you use.

A variation of this trick involves resetting the iPhone to factory default settings and setting it up as if it was brand new device. That adds another step to the restore process, but if wi-fi works and connections are fine under factory defaults, you can usually safely restore from backups. On the other hand, if the problem is fine under factory settings, but persists after restoring from the backups, you may have the very unusual situation of a corrupt backup, a rare situation.

4: Wi-Fi Still Not Working? Reset the Router, Contact Apple

If the iPhone continues to have wi-fi connectivity issues, you may want to reset the actual Wi-Fi router itself, by turning it off and on again, some wi-fi routers are known to be finicky with iOS and can sometimes be the source of the problem. If the iPhone connects to the router but speeds are very slow, an effective strategy can be to use custom DNS through a provider like Google or OpenDNS, though such an issue is usually representative of an ISP (internet service provider) problem, and not an actual issue with the iPhone or wi-fi itself.

If other iOS devices and computers connect to the wi-fi router and work flawlessly but the iPhone still won’t after trying the above steps, it may be time to contact Apple official support channels to determine if there is a physical hardware issue. Apple has an automated online troubleshooting guide that will gather data directly from the iPhone and attempt to remotely diagnose issues, but you can also just call a support line directly or visit an Apple Store. It’s fairly rare for the iPhone to have physical wi-fi hardware problems, but if it does and the device is under warranty, Apple will usually replace the phone quickly. Just be sure to back up the iPhone before sending it into Apple so you can restore where you left off.

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